Phonic Phase 3



Our books for Phonic Phase 3 introduce:  

(i) the rest of the letters of the alphabet. These are: 'j, q, v, w, x, y, z'

(ii) the consonant digraphs (two letters combined to make one sound): 'ch, sh, th, ng, qu, ck' 

(iii) the vowel digraphs: ay (play)ai (rain), ee (see), ea (Bean), oo (look), ow (down), ou (out), er (under), or (for)

(iv) and the high-frequency 'exception' words: 'go, no, to, oh, into, he, she, we, me, be, my, you, they, her, all, are, come, said, was, have'.

 **** BOOKS ****

The following series provide practice for this phase:

The A Series books 5-10 and B Series books 5-10 use all the letters of the alphabet, the irregular words 'no, me, my' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, ea, oo' in the words 'see, Bean, look' only.

Tom and Bella Series 2 introduce the letters 'k, j, y, x, z', the consonant digraphs 'ck, th, ng, sh' and the vowel digraphs  'ee, ai, ch, oo' in the words 'see, bee, seed, feed, sail, chin, chick, cheek, look'.

The A Extra Series and B Extra Series introduce the high-frequency words 'to, go, we, you, are, said, play, out, down, for'. 

Tom and Bella Series 3 uses the vowel digraphs 'ay, ow, ee, oo' in the words 'may, pay, say, play, away, see, cheek, teeth, look, pool,' and the new high-frequency words 'he, she, they, her, all, come, be, out, for, water, have, very'.

The A Digraphs Series introduces the new high-frequency words 'does, who', reinforces the vowel digraphs 'ee, ay, oo, ow, ou, er, ai' and introduces 'y' in 'fly, sky'.

The B Digraphs Series reinforces the digraphs 'sh, ch, ee, ay, ai, er, ow, ou, oo'.

The Pig Family Series reinforces all the phonic content and high-frequency words used so far and introduces  'was, one'.

All the reading books described above also contain some adjacent consonants to blend as described in Phonic Phase 4.



Phase 3 Consonants Activities. This photocopiable volume has activity sheets for the letters 'j, v, w, x, y, z, ff, ll, ss, ck, th, sh, ch, ng' and all the irregular high-frequency words to be taught in Phase 3.

The photocopiable volume Activities Volume 2 provides reading,writing and comprehension exercises for books 5-10 in the A Series and the B Series.

The photocopiable volume Activities Volume 3 provides reading, writing and comprehension exercises for books 11-20 in the A Extra Series and A Digraphs Series. 

The photocopiable volume Early Vowels Activities has very easy introductory writing activities for the vowels 'ee', 'oo', 'ay', 'ai', 'ea', 'oa', 'y'.


Alphabet Cards These 42 cards are for the letters of the alphabet and the consonant digraphs.

Grapheme Cards These 42 cards are for all the vowel spellings of Phase 3 and Phase 5.


The letter 'y'.

This letter has four different roles in the English language.

One of its roles is as a consonant at the beginning of a word, e.g. in the words 'yes, you, yacht, yoghurt'. Children usually learn this role as the first sound/symbol correspondence of 'y' in Phonic Phase 3.

They also learn the word 'my' as a phonically irregular word in this Phonic Phase 3 also. This role of 'y', as an alternative spelling of the long vowel phoneme |igh|, is the sound at the end of the words 'sky, try, by, fly, cry, why, spy' and is not introduced in Letters and Sounds until Phonic Phase 5.

Also 'y' is commonly used at the end of words such as 'mummy, daddy, sorry, happy, dizzy, penny, funny, jolly, hobby, jelly, fizzy, silly'. This role is not introduced in Letters and Sounds until Phonic Phase 5. 

But the Shy 'i', Toughy 'y' Rule provides a good explanation for young children to use 'y' earlier than this. We say that 'i' is a shy little letter who does not like to be at the end of a word, and 'y' is a big tough letter who helps him out by replacing him.

The fourth role of 'y' is in words like 'gym' and 'crystal' where it is pronounced /i/.