Phonic Phase 3
Our books for Phonic Phase 3 introduce:
(i) the rest of the letters of the alphabet. These are: 'j, q, v, w, x, y, z'
(ii) the consonant digraphs (two letters combined to make one sound): 'ch, sh, th, ng, qu, ck'
(iii) the vowel digraphs: ay (play), ai (rain), ee (see), ea (Bean), oo (look), ow (down), ou (out), er (under), or (for)
(iv) and the high-frequency 'exception' words: 'go, no, to, oh, into, he, she, we, me, be, my, you, they, her, all, are, come, said, was, have'.
**** BOOKS ****
The following series provide practice for this phase:
The A Series books 5-10 and B Series books 5-10 use all the letters of the alphabet, the irregular words 'no, me, my' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, ea, oo' in the words 'see, Bean, look' only.
Tom and Bella Series 2 introduce the letters 'k, j, y, x, z', the consonant digraphs 'ck, th, ng, sh' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, ai, ch, oo' in the words 'see, bee, seed, feed, sail, chin, chick, cheek, look'.
The A Extra Series and B Extra Series introduce the high-frequency words 'to, go, we, you, are, said, play, out, down, for'.
The A Digraphs Series introduces the new high-frequency words 'does, who', reinforces the vowel spellings 'ee, ay, oo, ow, ou, er, ai' and introduces 'y' in 'fly, sky'.
The B Digraphs Series reinforces the digraphs 'sh, ch, ee, ay, ai, er, ow, ou, oo'.
Tom and Bella Series 3 uses the vowel spellings 'ay, ow, ee, oo' in the words 'may, pay, say, play, away, see, cheek, teeth, look, pool,' and the new high-frequency words 'he, she, they, her, all, come, be, out, for, water, have, very'.
The text in all the books described above contains some words with adjacent consonants to blend (as described in Phonic Phase 4).
WA5: Writing Activities for A5-10 and B5-10. This photocopiable volume has 60 activity sheets for words containing the letters 'j, k, v, w, y, z, ck', the high-frequency words 'I, me, my, oh, no, the' and the verbs 'see' and 'look' in sentences. The 'shy i, toughy y rule' is used in this volume.
WA6: Writing Activities for A11-16 and B11-16 provides reading,writing and comprehension exercises for books 11-16 in the A Series and the B Series.
WA7: Writing and Comprehension Activities for A17-24 and B 17-24 provides reading, writing and comprehension exercises for the books in the A Digraphs Series and the B Digraphs Series.
****GRAPHEME and WORD CARDS****
Alphabet Cards These 42 cards are for the letters of the alphabet and the consonant digraphs.
Grapheme Cards These 42 cards are for words containing the vowel spellings of Phase 3 and Phase 5.
The letter 'y'.
This letter has four different roles in the English language.
One of its roles is as a consonant at the beginning of a word, e.g. in the words 'yes, you, yacht, yoghurt'. Children usually learn this role as the first sound/symbol correspondence of 'y' in Phonic Phase 3.
They also learn the word 'my' as a high-frequency word in this Phonic Phase 3 also. This role of 'y' is the sound at the end of the words 'sky, try, by, fly, cry, why, spy' and is not introduced in Letters and Sounds until Phonic Phase 5.
Also 'y' is commonly used at the end of the words 'mummy, daddy, sorry, happy, dizzy, penny, funny, puppy, jelly, fizzy, silly'. This role is not introduced in Letters and Sounds until Phonic Phase 5.
But the Shy 'i', Toughy 'y' Rule provides a good explanation for young children to use 'y' earlier than this. We say that 'i' is a shy little letter who does not like to be at the end of a word, and 'y' is a big tough letter who helps him out by replacing him.
The fourth role of 'y' is in words like 'gym' and 'crystal' where it is pronounced /i/.