Our books for Phonic Phase 3 begin by introducing the rest of the letters of the alphabet. These are: 'j, q, v, w, x, y, z' but not always in CVC words. E.g. 'y' first appears in the name Jelly and the words 'happy, puppy'. Then it appears in the word 'my' in the phrase 'with my dad'. It does not appear as an initial consonant 'y' until book 15A (you) and 16A (yes).
Words which are not simple CVC words, are also introduced at this stage. These are 'I, see, look, me, my, with, oh, no, is, has' etc, as well as all the character names. These words are introduced early in the reading scheme so that children learn that letters are not always pronounced in the same way, e.g. 'e' in 'bed' is not pronounced in the same way as 'e' in 'me', 'o' in 'dog' is not pronounced in the same way as 'o' in 'no', and 's' in 'see' is not pronounced in the same way as 's' in 'has'.
The English language has multiple correspondences for all its letters and sounds. Children must learn some words directly from their spellings and associate these written forms with the spoken word.
As they progress through the series A11-16 and B11-16, children learn more common non-CVC words, 'to, go, you, are, said, away, for, play, down, out' and the consonant combinations 'ck, ng'.
The stories in the series A17-24 (A Digraphs) and B17-24 (B Digraphs) introduce 'consonant digraphs', where two letters are used to represent one sound, e.g. 'sh' in 'ship', 'th' in 'this' and 'ch' in 'chicken'.
The vowel digraphs 'ay, ai, ee, oo, ow, ou, or, er' are all used in words in the vocabulary of these books. With knowledge of these phoneme/grapheme correspondences children are also able to pronounce other words with these spellings, e.g. 'day, stay, rain, tail, bee, sheep, tower'. The common words 'we, he, she, they, come, day, play, have, goes, does, who, two, water' are also introduced in these books.
The books in the following series provide reading practice for this phase.
The books in the A Series 5-10 and the B Series 5-10 introduce the letters 'y, k, ck, j, v, w, z', the irregular words 'oh, no, me, my, into' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, ea, oo' in the words 'see, Bean, look' only.
Tom and Bella Series 2 introduce the letters 'k, j, y, x, z', the consonant digraphs 'ck, th, ng, sh, ch' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, ai, oo' in the words 'see, bee, seed, feed, cheek, sail, look'.
The books in the A Series 11-16 and the B Series 11-16 introduce the high-frequency words 'to, go, we, you, are, said, play, out, down, for'. This means that the vowel digraphs 'ay, ou, ow, or' are used specifically in those words and no others.
The books in the A Digraphs Series 17-24 use the consonant digraphs 'sh, ch, th' and the vowel graphemes 'ee, ay, oo, or, ow, ou, er, ai' in words in the vocabulary.
The books in the B Digraphs Series 17-24 reinforce the consonant digraphs and vowel digraphs 'sh, ch, th, ee, ay, ai, er, ow, ou, oo' in words in the vocabulary.
The books in Tom and Bella Series 3 use the vowel graphemes 'ay, ow, ee, oo' in the words 'may, pay, say, play, away, see, cheek, teeth, look, pool,' and the high-frequency words 'he, she, they, her, all, come, be, out, for, water, have, very'.
The Rhyming CVC Series contains many CVC and CCVC rhyming words. Most of the high-frequency words children have learnt up to this point are also included in the vocabulary.
WA05: Writing Activities for books A5-10 and B5-10. This 48-paged photocopiable book has activities for words containing the letters 'j, k, v, w, y, z, ck', the high-frequency words 'I, me, my, oh, no, the' and the verbs 'see' and 'look' in sentences.
WA15: Writing Activities for Tom and Bella Series 2. This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in Tom and Bella Series 2.
WA07B: Writing Activities for books B17-24: This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in the B Digraphs Series.
WA16: Writing Activities for Tom and Bella Series 3: This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in Tom and Bella Series 3.
We have a new section on this website for Reading and Writing Packages
Alphabet Cards: These 36 cards are for the letters of the alphabet and the consonant digraphs.
Grapheme Cards: These 42 cards are for words containing the vowel spellings of Phase 3 and Phase 5.
The letter 'y'.
The letter 'y' is most commonly used at the end of words such as 'mummy, daddy, sorry, happy, dizzy, penny, funny, puppy, jelly, fizzy, silly'. This role is introduced early in the Jelly and Bean books. It first appears in book A5 in the name Jelly.
The 'Shy i Toughy y Rule' can be used to introduce this use. The rule states that 'i' is a shy little letter who does not like to be exposed at the end of a word, so big, tough 'y' helps him out and takes his place.
The second role of 'y' is that seen in the word 'my'. This is a high-frequency word which children need to learn early. It is introduced in the Jelly and Bean books in A10, Kevin. This role of 'y' is also the sound at the end of the words 'sky, try, by, fly, cry, why, spy'.
The third role of 'y' is that of a consonant at the beginning of words such as 'yes, you, yacht, yoghurt'. Children learn this role in Phonic Phase 3. It first appears in book A15, Go Away, in the word 'you', and in book A16 in the word 'yes'.
The fourth role of 'y' is in words like 'gym' and 'crystal' where it is pronounced /i/.