Jelly and Bean

BOOK BANDS


BOOK BANDS

Jelly and Bean Book Bands

The books in the Jelly and Bean reading scheme are divided into bands of colours to indicate the level of difficulty children will encounter as they read the text.

The criteria used to define each band depends on: 

  • the phonic phase of the letter/sound correspondences introduced
  • the high-frequency words introduced, 
  • the appropriate vocabulary and word complexity for the age of the children, 
  • the length and complexity of the sentences used, including verb tenses,
  • the number of words per page.

Pink  Book  Band

Aims

The main aim of the books in the Pink Book Band is to introduce the letters of the alphabet in simple written words so that children learn the relationships between letters and sounds in these words. These are a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, k, l, m, n, o, p, r, s, t, u, x, w from Phonic Phase 2 of Letters and Sound (2007). They are introduced in the AB Starter Pack, First Words Series and Tom and Bella Series 1. The rest of the letters of the alphabet  j, q, v, y, z, from Phonic Phase 3, are introduced in the A Series books 5-10 and B Series books 5-10.

The other aims are:

  • to introduce some very ‘high-frequency’ joining words that are impossible to illustrate, but are essential for the construction of meaningful phrases and sentences. These are ‘a, on, in, and, the’. They are introduced in the AB Starter Pack, First Words Series and Tom and Bella Series 1. The irregular high-frequency words ‘to, I, no, into, me, my, oh’ are introduced in the A Series books 5-10 and the B Series books 5-10.
  • to consistently use simple sentences. This includes capital letters, verbs and punctuation. In particular, we use the verbs ‘see, look, is, has, will’ and simple CVC verbs in the present tense in the A Series 5-10 and the B Series 5-10. We use complete sentences so that children may use the context of the sentence and the order of words in the sentence to help them decipher any new written words that are part of their own spoken vocabulary.

The above aims are achieved by:

  • starting out as simply as possible with a very small number of letters in nouns that can be illustrated. These nouns are cat, hat, mat.
  • using only lower case letters to avoid confusion with capital letters,
  • gradually increasing the number of letters and words used in phrases, 
  • moving on to use capital letters and punctuation in complete sentences. 

Red Book Band

Aims

The books in the Red Book Band aim to:

  • reinforce the single letters of the alphabet in simple CVC words to give children plenty of practice in reading this type of word.
  • introduce other regular high-frequency words from the list of 100 in Letters and Sounds (2007). These are ‘an, it, back, get, got, mum, but, went, this, from, help ‘.
  • introduce more irregular high-frequency words. These are ‘go, you, are, said, we, have, little’. The words ‘away, play, for, down, out’ are also introduced. These may be classed as ‘tricky’ or ‘regular’ depending on the order of introduction of the graphemes ‘ay, or, ow, ou’. The order of introduction of these graphemes varies in different phonic programmes.
  • introduce and reinforce the consonant combinations ‘ck, ng, sh, ch’ in simple words. The alternative pronunciation of the grapheme ‘oo’ is introduced in the word ‘kangaroo’ and the grapheme ‘ph‘ is introduced in the word ‘elephant’
  • use single letters of the alphabet in well-known words where their pronunciation is not always the same (My First Animals Series). This helps children understand that letter/sound relationships are dependent on the specific words in which they are written, e.g.
  • ‘e’ in ‘red, me, the, elephant’
  • ‘a’ in ‘cat, a, baby’
  • ‘i’ in ‘is, lion, tiger’
  • ‘o’ in ‘got, no, hippo, monkey’
  • ‘y’ in ‘happy, puppy, my, yes’
  • ‘g’ in ‘get, giraffe’.

Yellow Book Band

Aims

The books in the Yellow Book Band aim to:

  • use the consonant digraphs ‘sh, th, ch’ in as many words as possible.
  • introduce and use the vowel digraphs ‘ay, ai, ee, er’ in as many words as possible. The digraphs ‘oo, or, ou, ow’ are also used in the A Series 17-24 and B Series 17-24, but only in the specific words ‘look, for, out, down’.  The vowel digraphs ‘ea (please), oo (pool) are also used in those specific words in Tom and Bella Series 3.
  • introduce and use the remaining pronouns ‘he, she, they, her’.
  • introduce the high-frequency words ‘come, all, day, do, by’.

Blue Book Band

Aims

The books in the Blue Book Band aim to:

  • introduce and use the ‘long vowel’ digraphs ‘ay/ai, ee/ea, ie/y/i, oa/o, oo (moon)’ in as many words as possible.
  • reinforce the vowel digraphs ‘ow, ou’ in more words. 
  • introduce the digraphs ‘ar, oy, ir’ and reinforce the other r-controlled vowels ‘er, or’.
  • introduce more of the top 100 high-frequency words from the Children’s Printed Word Database (Masterson, J; Stuart, M; Dixon, M; and Lovejoy, S; (2003)). These specific words are ‘that, be, now, too, was, it’s, so, some, there, one, what, don’t, house, about, made, here, called’.
  • increase the length of sentences and the number of words on a page. 
  • continue using present tense verbs.

Green Book Band

Aims

The books in the Green Book Band do not introduce many new letter/sound relationships. 

The new letter/sound relationships introduced in the early books occur in single use words, e.g. ‘oi’ in ‘noise’‘are’ in ‘scared’‘ea’ in ‘head’, ‘ear’ in ‘near’.

The books do, however, introduce some difficult high-frequency words. These are the past tense verbs ‘was, saw, were, could, their, heard, came, thought’ which are introduced in Alfie’s Adventure and English Vowels Series 1.

The books aim to:

  • use the r-controlled graphemes ‘ar, er, or/oor/ ore’ in as many words as possible relating to the farm. Many of these words have more than one syllable and involve two different vowel graphemes.
  • reinforce the vowel digraphs ‘ow, ou’ in complicated words with more than one syllable. 
  • introduce and use the digraph ‘ur’ in as many words as possible.
  • increase the length of sentences and the number of words on a page. 

The first two series of books in the Green Book Band are written in the present tense. These are Follifoot Farm Series 1 and Follifoot Farm Series 2. Alfie’s Adventure and English Vowels Series 1 are written in the past tense.  

Orange Book Band

Aims

The main aim of the books in the Orange Book Band is to introduce the rest of the vowel graphemes to be taught in Phase 5 of Letters and Sounds (2007) in as many words as possible.

The books also introduce the remainder of the top 100 high-frequency words from the Children’s Printed Word Database, leaving only ‘Mr, Mrs, people, I’m, your’ not used.

Most of the words on the list of 200 have also been used by this stage.

The books are all written in the past tense and contain many multi-syllable past tense verbs ending in the three different pronunciations of ‘ed’ (wanted, wobbled, jumped).

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