This single book shows 48 common graphemes (letter combinations) of the phonemes (sounds within words) to be taught in Key Stage 1 of the school curriculum in England.
These are the consonant digraphs: th, sh, ch, ng, ph, wh
and the vowel digraphs and trigraphs : ay, ai, ee, ea (leaf), oo (moon), oo (look), ie (pie), y (fly), igh, oa, ow (cow), ow (snow), ue (blue), ew (flew), a-e, i-e, o-e, u-e, ar, or (horse), ur, er (spider), er (herd), ou (out), oy, oi, y (jelly), au, aw, air, are, ear (bear), ear (near), ear (earth), or (worm), ea (head), ie (field), ey, ure, ue (statue), ew (stew).
Each grapheme is used in three different word examples, one of which is shown as a full colour illustration also.
Some of these graphemes have more than one pronunciation, e.g.
ch chip, chemist, machine
ea sea, heavy, great
ie pie, chief
ew flew, new
ue blue, rescue
ow now, grow
ou out, soup, pour
au autumn, sausage
er under, herb
or storm, work, tractor
ear bear, year, heard, heart
ure sure, picture
Sometimes these letter combinations are seen in other words and they are not digraphs, e.g. create, diet, reward, cruel, towards, very, forest. This is because they cross a syllable boundary and they are pronounced as single letters. Other examples may be seen in bingo, oasis, carol, mirror, curry, poet.
|9781843051510||Phonemes and Graphemes for Key Stage 1|