Books for Phases 3/4
The books in the following series provide reading practice for children secure in the phonic knowledge of Phonic Phase 2 and ready to proceeed to the next phases.
The books in the A Series 5-10 and the B Series 5-10 introduce the letters 'y, k, ck, j, v, w, z', the 'tricky' words 'I, the, oh, no, me, my, into, very' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, oo' in the words 'see, look'.
The letter 'y' first appears in the name Jelly, in book A5, and the words 'happy, puppy, Lotty', in book A7. Then it appears as a 'tricky' word in 'my' in the phrase 'with my dad' in A10. It does not appear as an initial consonant 'y' until book 15A (you) and 16A (yes).
The 'ck' combination is introduced in the words 'duck, black, trick' in books 8A and 8B.
Words with adjacent consonants are also used in the books A5-10 and B5-10, e.g. 'grass, pond, jump, swim, black, trick, sleep', because it is impossible to write in natural language without using words of this kind.
The characters Jelly, Bean, Lotty, Wellington and Kevin are introduced.
The stories are written in the present tense and they are between 45 and 70 words in length.
This means that the vowel digraphs 'ay, ou, ow, or' are used specifically in the 'tricky' words 'play, away, out, down, for' and no other words.
The consonant digraph 'ng' is used in many words in book 16B and the 'nk' spelling is used in book 13A in the word 'pink'.
The stories are written in the present tense, except book 11A, where the verb 'went to' is used. Books 15 and 16 include dialogue and the word 'said' is used here.
The books are between 70 and 90 words in length.
The books in Tom and Bella Series 2 use the letters 'k, j, y, x, z', the consonant digraphs 'ck, th, ng, sh, ch' and the vowel digraphs 'ai , ee, oo' within their vocabulary. There are no new 'tricky' words.
The series is written in the present tense. The stories are 55-70 words in length.
The books in the My First Animals Series introduce the words 'lion, tiger, hippo, giraffe, baby' where the single letters 'i, o, g, a' are pronounced differently than in the words 'tin, hot, get, hat'.
This is to help children realise that single letters can have more than one pronunciation. They have already met different pronunciations of the letter 'e' in the words 'the, me, bed', different pronunciations of the letter 'o' in the words 'not, no, go, to, into', and different pronunciations of the letter 's' in the words 'see, has, cats, dogs'.
The word 'elephant' is also introduced, so that children can learn that 'ph' is pronounced in the same way as in 'phonics'.
The grapheme 'oo' is introduced in the word 'kangaroo' and 'er' is introduced in 'river'.
The graphemes 'ou, ch' are reinforced in 'pouch, ostrich, catch'. The other animal names are 'crocodile, camel, donkey, monkey, zebra'.
The series uses the 'tricky' words 'I, me, my, with, are, have, we, go, to, very, out, little'.
The books are wriiten in the present tense and they are approximately 40 words in length.
The books in the A Digraphs Series 17-24 are written in the present tense. They introduce dialogue. This entails the use of the verb 'says'. It is essential that children have already met the digraph 'ay' at this time.
The consonant digraphs 'sh, ch, th' and the vowel graphemes 'ee, ay, oo, or, ow, ou, er, ai' are used in words in the vocabulary. The new 'tricky' words are 'he, she, they, come, goes, all, her, does, who, by, move'.
The books are between 70 and 100 words in length.
The books in the B Digraphs Series 17-24, are also written in the present tense. The books reinforce the consonant digraphs and vowel digraphs 'sh, ch, th, ee, ay, ai, er, ow, ou, oo' in words in the vocabulary. The new 'tricky' words are 'going, two, every'.
The books are between 70 and 90 words in length.
The books in Tom and Bella Series 3 are also written in the presnt tense and use dialogue.
They use the vowel graphemes 'ay, ow, ee, er, oo, or, ea, ou' in the words 'may, pay, say, play, away, tower, down, see, cheek, teeth, for, please, look, pool' and the 'tricky' words 'he, she, they, her, all, come, be, out, have, very, water'.
The books are approximately 80 words in length.
The Rhyming CVC Series contains many CVC and CCVC rhyming words. Most of the high-frequency words children have learnt up to this point are also included in the vocabulary. Book 5 is written in the past tense and uses the 'tricky' word 'was'.
This series provides good revision and consolidation for CVC, CCVC and high-frequency 'tricky' words.
Each story is approximately 100 words in length.
We have not used the graphemes 'oa, ar, ur, igh, ear, air, ure' in any of these books. These are included in our later books.
WA05: Writing Activities for books A5-10 and B5-10. This 48-paged photocopiable book has activities for words containing the letters 'j, k, v, w, y, z, ck', the high-frequency words 'I, me, my, oh, no, the' and the verbs 'see' and 'look' in sentences.
WA15: Writing Activities for Tom and Bella Series 2. This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in Tom and Bella Series 2.
WA20: Writing Activities for the My First Animals Series. This photocopiable 32-paged book provides writing and colouring activities for the My First Animals Series.
WA07B: Writing Activities for books B17-24: This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in the B Digraphs Series.
WA16: Writing Activities for Tom and Bella Series 3: This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in Tom and Bella Series 3.
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The letter 'y'.
The letter 'y' is most commonly used at the end of words such as 'mummy, daddy, sorry, happy, dizzy, penny, funny, puppy, jelly, fizzy, silly'. This role is introduced early in the Jelly and Bean books. It first appears in book A5 in the name Jelly.
The 'Shy i Toughy y Rule' can be used to introduce this use. The rule states that 'i' is a shy little letter who does not like to be exposed at the end of a word, so big, tough 'y' helps him out and takes his place.
The second role of 'y' is that seen in the word 'my'. This is a high-frequency word which children need to learn early. It is introduced in the Jelly and Bean books in A10, Kevin. This role of 'y' is also the sound at the end of the words 'sky, try, by, fly, cry, why, spy'.
The third role of 'y' is that of a consonant at the beginning of words such as 'yes, you, yacht, yoghurt'. It first appears in book A15, Go Away, in the word 'you', and in book A16 in the word 'yes'.
The fourth role of 'y' is in words like 'gym' and 'crystal' where it is pronounced /i/.