The books in the following series provide reading practice for this phase.
The books in the A Series 5-10 and the B Series 5-10 introduce the letters 'y, k, ck, j, v, w, z', the irregular words 'oh, no, me, my, into' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, ea, oo' in the words 'see, Bean, look' only. The letter 'y' first appears in the name Jelly, in book A5, and the words 'happy, puppy', in book A7. Then it appears in the word 'my' in the phrase 'with my dad' in A10. It does not appear as an initial consonant 'y' until book 15A (you) and 16A (yes). Words with adjacent consonants, which are not included in Letters and Sounds until Phonic Phase 4, are also introduced in the books A5-10 and B5-10, e.g. 'grass, pond, jump, black, trick', because it is impossible to write in natural language without using words like these.
The books in the A Series 11-16 and the B Series 11-16 introduce the high-frequency words 'to, go, we, you, are, said, play, away, out, down, for, have, little'. This means that the vowel digraphs 'ay, ou, ow, or' are used specifically in those words and no others.
The books in Tom and Bella Series 2 use the letters 'k, j, y, x, z', the consonant digraphs 'ck, th, ng, sh, ch' and the vowel digraphs 'ee, ai, oo' within their vocabulary.
The books in the My First Animals Series introduce the words 'lion, tiger, hippo, giraffe, baby' where the single letters 'i, o, g, a' are pronounced differently than in the words 'tin, hot, get, hat'. This is to help children realise that single letters can have more than one pronunciation. They have already met this concept in words such as 'the, me, bed, not, no, go, to, into, see, has'. The word 'elephant' is also introduced, thus leading children to realise that 'ph' is pronounced as /f/ in the same way as it is in 'phonics'. The grapheme 'oo' is introduced in the word 'kangaroo' and 'er' is introduced in 'river'. The graphemes 'ou, ch' are reinforced in 'pouch, ostrich, catch'. The other animal names are 'crododile, camel, donkey, monkey, zebra, ostrich'. Children will recognise all these animals from the illustrations. The series uses the high-frequency words 'I, me, my, with, are, have, we, go, to, very, little'.
The books in the A Digraphs Series 17-24 use the consonant digraphs 'sh, ch, th' and the vowel graphemes 'ee, ay, oo, or, ow, ou, er, ai' in many words in the vocabulary.
The books in the B Digraphs Series 17-24 reinforce the consonant digraphs and vowel digraphs 'sh, ch, th, ee, ay, ai, er, ow, ou, oo' in many words in the vocabulary.
The books in Tom and Bella Series 3 use the vowel graphemes 'ay, ow, ee, er, oo, or, ea, ou' in the words 'may, pay, say, play, away, see, cheek, teeth, please, look, pool,' and the high-frequency words 'he, she, they, her, all, come, be, out, for, water, have, very'.
We have not used the Phonic Phase 3 graphemes 'oa, ar, ur, igh, ear, air, ure' in our resources for the Reception Year. These are included in our resources for Year 1.
WA05: Writing Activities for books A5-10 and B5-10. This 48-paged photocopiable book has activities for words containing the letters 'j, k, v, w, y, z, ck', the high-frequency words 'I, me, my, oh, no, the' and the verbs 'see' and 'look' in sentences.
WA15: Writing Activities for Tom and Bella Series 2. This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in Tom and Bella Series 2.
WA20: Writing Activities for the My First Animals Series. This photocopiable 32-paged book provides writing and colouring activities for the My First Animals Series.
WA07B: Writing Activities for books B17-24: This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in the B Digraphs Series.
WA16: Writing Activities for Tom and Bella Series 3: This photocopiable 36-paged book provides reading, writing and comprehension activities for the books in Tom and Bella Series 3.
We have a new section on this website for Reading and Writing Packages
Alphabet Cards: These 36 cards are for the letters of the alphabet and the consonant digraphs.
Grapheme Cards: These 42 cards are for words containing the vowel spellings of Phase 3 and Phase 5.
The letter 'y'.
The letter 'y' is most commonly used at the end of words such as 'mummy, daddy, sorry, happy, dizzy, penny, funny, puppy, jelly, fizzy, silly'. This role is introduced early in the Jelly and Bean books. It first appears in book A5 in the name Jelly.
The 'Shy i Toughy y Rule' can be used to introduce this use. The rule states that 'i' is a shy little letter who does not like to be exposed at the end of a word, so big, tough 'y' helps him out and takes his place.
The second role of 'y' is that seen in the word 'my'. This is a high-frequency word which children need to learn early. It is introduced in the Jelly and Bean books in A10, Kevin. This role of 'y' is also the sound at the end of the words 'sky, try, by, fly, cry, why, spy'.
The third role of 'y' is that of a consonant at the beginning of words such as 'yes, you, yacht, yoghurt'. Children learn this role in Phonic Phase 3. It first appears in book A15, Go Away, in the word 'you', and in book A16 in the word 'yes'.
The fourth role of 'y' is in words like 'gym' and 'crystal' where it is pronounced /i/.