Jelly and Bean

Phonic Phase 5 Resources

All the phonic work in phase 5 of Letters and Sounds (2007) has since been included in the National Curriculum of 2014 and made statutory for children in Year 1.

There is a list of the statutory requirements for vowel digraphs and trigraphs to be taught as spellings.

These are:

'ai' as in 'rain, 'oi' as in 'oil'

'ay' as in 'play', 'oy' as in 'boy'

'a-e' as in 'made, 'e-e' as in 'these, 'i-e' as in 'five', 'o-e' as in 'home', 'u-e' as in 'June' and 'use'.

'ar' as in 'star', 'ir' as in 'girl', 'ur' as in 'turn'

'ee' as in 'tree', 'ea' as in 'dream', 'ea' as in 'bread'

'er' as in 'term' (stressed sound), 'er' as in 'summer' (unstressed schwa sound)

'or' as in 'short', 'ore' as in 'more'

'oa' as in 'road, 'oe' as in 'goes', 'ow' as in 'snow'

'oo' as in 'good', 'oo' as in 'zoo'

'ou' as in 'about', 'ow' as in 'town'

'ue' as in 'blue, rescue', 'ew' as in 'flew, new'

'ie' as in 'cried', 'ie' as in 'field'

'igh' as in 'night', ('y' as in 'fly' is not mentioned, but it is not a digraph)

'aw' as in 'saw', 'au' as in 'author'

'air' as in 'fair', 'are' as in 'care'

'ear' as in 'near', 'ear' as in 'pear'

'y' as a word ending in 'very, happy'

'ph' as in 'dolphin', 'wh' as in 'when'

The vocabulary in the Jelly and Bean books includes words with all these spellings.

Books

The books in the Early Vowel Combinations Seriesuse the vowel graphemes, 'ai, (rain), ea (eat), ie (pie), y (sky), oa, (float), oo (cool), er (after)' as well as the GPCs introduced in earlier series.

The books are written in the present tense.

Each story is approximately 100 words in length and is suitable for the blue book-band.

Tom and Bella Series 4 uses the vowel graphemes 'ar' (car) and 'ir' (first) as well as the GPCs introduced in earlier series.

Each story, written in the present tense, has between 120 and 150 words in length and is suitable for the blue book-band.

The books in the Combining Consonants Series revise the consonant digraphs 'th, sh, ch, ..ng' and add '..dge, ..tch'. 

The digraph 'oy' in the word 'toy' is introduced.

The stories are written in the present tense. They are approximately 150 words in length. They are suitable for the blue book-band.

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Follifoot Farm Series 1 uses vocabulary with the vowel spellings 'ai, ar, ay, ea, ee, er, oa, oo, or, ou, ow' throughout all the six books in simple words connected with the farm, e.g. 'rain, farm, hay, eat, sheep, water, road, flood, soon, cow.' 

The books are written in the present tense. Each story is roughly 150 words in length. The sentence structure and vocabulary are suitable for the green book-band.

Follifoot Farm Series 2, The Cats Who Fell Out of the Car uses vocabulary with the same vowel spellings as Follifoot Farm Series 1 throughout all the six books in simple words connected with the farm. The vowel spelling 'are' as in 'scared' is also introduced.

This series is one continuous story written in the present tense and told in six parts. Children need to read the books in the order 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 to follow the story and to appreciate the cliffhanger ending on the last page of each book. They are well motivated by this, wanting to go on to the next book to find out what happens.

Each story is roughly 160 words in length. The sentence structure and vocabulary are suitable for the green book-band. 

Alfie's Adventure is the first series to be written in the past tense.

The series is one complete story and the books need to be read in numerical order.

The graphemes 'oi, ear, ea, aw' and the 'tricky' words 'was, were, here, there' are used in this series.

Each book has approximately 150 words and is suitable for the green book-band also.

English Vowels Set 1 concentrates on the vowel graphemes 'ow, er, ou, oo, ar, or, ur', in single and multi-syllable new words.

The graphemes are introduced sequentially and they are used cumulatively throughout the series.

The stories are written in the past tense. The common verbs 'were, was, saw, came, heard, could, thought, took,' are used throughout.

Each story is roughly 200-220 words in length and the books are suitable for the green book-band.

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Follifoot Farm Series 3 concentrates on using words containing the split digraphs 'a-e' (cave), 'i-e' (white), 'o-e' (nose), in a complete story told in six parts.  The 'soft c' as in 'place, race' is introduced in this series.

The books should be read in the order 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 for children to understand the sequence of events.

The books were rewritten in the past tense for 2020.

Each book is roughly 250 words in length. The language complexity is now more appropriate for the orange book-band.

The Further Vowel Series uses the vowel graphemes 'ow (as in 'show'), ew (as in 'flew' and 'new'), ue (as in 'blue' and 'rescue'), u-e (as in 'cute' and 'June'), igh, ear (as in 'bear' and 'year'). The books also use words containing split digraphs.

The stories are written in the past tense. Each story is roughly 220 words in length and is suitable for the orange book-band.

English Vowels Set 2  concentrates on the vowel graphemes 'ir, oi, oy, aw, au, ea (head), air' in single and multi-syllable new words.

The graphemes are introduced sequentially in that order and they are used cumulatively throughout the series.

The stories are written in the past tense. Each story is roughly 200-230 words in length and is suitable for the orange book-band

The Past Tense Verbs Series concentrates on the use of past tense verbs ending with '-ed' and verb participles ending with '-ing'. All three pronunciations of 'ed' are used, as in 'growled, hopped, wanted'.

Almost all the graphemes we have introduced in the reading scheme are used in this series. Each story is approximately 220 words in length and the books are suitable for the orange book-band.

Writing Activities

WA09: Writing Activities for the Early Vowels Series has 46 photocopiable pages for the vowel spellings 'ee, oo (pool), ai, oa, y, ie, ay, ea' including a comprehension exercise for each story in this series.

WA17: Writing Activities for Tom and Bella Series 4 has 36 photocopiable pages of writing and colouring activities to complement Tom and Bella Series 4.

WA19: Writing Activities for the Combining Consonants Series has 36 photocopiable pages of comprehension, writing and colouring activities to complement this series. There are 6 activities for each book.

WA18: Writing Activities for Follifoot Farm Series 1 has 36 photocopiable pages of comprehension, writing and colouring activities to complement Follifoot Farm Series 1.

WA21: Writing Activities for Alfie's Adventure has 32 photocopiable pages for comprehension and writing activities.

WA10: English Vowels Set 1 Activities This volume contains 36 activities. There are 18 photocopiable pages to reinforce the vowel graphemes 'ow, ou, er, ar, or, ir, ur' and 18 pages of comprehension activities for the books in the series.

WA11: Phonics and Comprehension for the Further Vowels Series This volume contains 22 photocopiable pages of writing exercises to reinforce the vowel graphemes 'a-e, i-e, o-e, u-e, ow, ue, ew, igh' and 18 pages of comprehension activities for the stories in the books.

WA12: English Vowels Set 2 Activities This volume contains 17 phonic activities to reinforce the vowel graphemes 'ir, oi, oy, aw, au, air, are, ear (bear, year, early), ea (ready)' and 18 comprehension activities for the books in the series.

Reading and Writing Packages

We have five reading and writing packages for this phase. They are available here.

Delivery Information
Inspection copies
Teaching guides
Free writing resources
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